The upcoming development of the 5th generation mobile networks (5G) based on wireless communications will involve for the first time a wide use of the millimeter-wave spectrum (30–300 GHz). The need for new network performances, such as low transmission latency and an increase in data rates, will also involve the introduction of technological innovations, such as ‘massive’ MIMO antennas and beamforming. Furthermore, small cells will be integrated into 5G networks. All these novel usages will lead to a new world of connectivity, which will develop the concept of future smart cities, factories, and roads and will improve the user benefits, providing ubiquitous wireless access to the cloud. These heterogeneous networks will also drastically modify user exposure.
In this Special Issue of Applied Sciences Journal, we invite submissions dealing with the human exposure assessment in the upcoming 5G exposure scenario and beyond 5G technologies (e.g., in the THz band). Research papers or reviews can focus on (but are not limited to) measurements and/or simulation methodologies for 5G and beyond 5G technologies, deterministic and statistical approaches, in situ exposure assessment, concepts for minimizing exposure, network optimizations, etc. Further details and the manuscript submission information are available at
Dr. Marta Parazzini
Prof. Dr. Wout Joseph
Dr. Maxim Zhadobov